Recommendation: In order to have a smooth and efficient start of work with the Lichtenberg HPC, we advise all new users to attend the “Introduction to the Lichtenberg HPC".
Cluster access for users is exclusively via login nodes. You can find a current list of accessible login nodes here.
|ED25519 (preferred)||Public Key||AAAAC3NzaC1lZDI1NTE5AAAAILTlBfX7g8HAbMy7x7vSS66HO6QtEItNByqtSkRUZauo|
Ciphers, MACs, Kex Algorithms, Host Key Algorithms
|Host Key Algorithms||ssh-ed25519,email@example.com,rsa-sha2-256,rsa-sha2-512,firstname.lastname@example.org|
Currently, there are still two types of login node – one of the former Lichtenberg 1 (CentOS 7, GPU) and those of the current LB2 (CentOS 8). Please use only the LB2 login nodes to submit jobs to the cluster.
Interactive access is provided only by using
ssh to one of the login nodes. From there, your productive calculations need to be submitted as batch jobs into the queue. For that, you need to specify your required resources per job (e.g. amount of main memory, number of nodes (and tasks), maximum runtime).
Password: your (initial) login password and how to change it.
The login nodes are not for “productive” or long-running calculations!
Used by all users of the HPC, the login nodes are intended to be used only for
- job preparation and submission
scp'ing data in and out of the cluster
- short test runs of your program
- debugging your software
- job status checking
Due to the login nodes facing the public (and sometimes evil) internet, we have to install (security) updates from time to time. This will happen on short notice (30 minutes). Don't expect all login nodes to be available 24h/7d.
Batch system Slurm
The arbitration, dispatching and processing of all user jobs on the cluster is organized with the Slurm batch system. Slurm calculates when and where a given job will be started, considering all jobs' resource requirements, workload of the system, waiting times of the job and the priority of the associated project.
When eligible to be run, the user jobs are dispatched to one (or more) compute nodes and started there by Slurm.
The batch system expects a batch script for each job (array), which contains
- the resource requirements of the job in form of
#SBATCH …pragmas and
- the actual commands and programs you want to be run in your job.
The batch script is a plain text file (with UNIX line feeds!) and can either be created on your local PC and then be transferred to the login node. In Windows, use “Notepad++” and switch to UNIX (LF) in “Edit” – “Line feed format” before saving the script.
Or you can create it with UNIX editors on the login node itself and avoid the fuss with improper line feeds.
- Commands of batch systems, and examples of batch jobs
- Queues and computing resources
- File systems
- FAQ about the batch scheduler and job scripts